Orichalcum the hidden metal from Atlantis


Minds enthusiasts mysteries heats at every opportunity when it announced the discovery of things that fellow human beings who lived thousands of years ago, they have discovered and used, and today the secret of their manufacture was lost.
Orichalcum is the case.
The earliest evidence we have about the existence of this material belongs to Plato. In Critias, one of his dialogues philosophical thinker wrote in 360 BC '' All the outer walls of the temple, except the peaks were covered with silver, and tops with gold. Inside the house, the roof was of ivory, curiously wrought everywhere with gold and silver and Orichalcum; All other parts, walls, columns and floor were covered with Orichalcum ". Plato was referring to one of the temples dedicated to gods Poseidon and Cleito of Atlantis. It should be noted that the philosopher knew only the name of the material in question without ever having seen it.

Another intriguing feature highlights scrap material. "The whole wall, farthest that surround the city was covered with brass, tin next, and the third wall that surround the city, shone by red Orichalcum". So, the material reflects sunlight reddish hues, but cee needles can slip reader is referred to the temple Plato was surrounded by three fences covered with three different materials: brass, tin, Orichalcum. With all our indulgence is very hard to accept that someone decided to build three walls surrounding the detention and has given so much attention edge aesthetic that has chosen three stories quite difficult to achieve in that time and as such Very expensive.

 
The scientists debate to clarify the mystery surrounding this material are long. There were different opinions, but most thought it would be Orichalcum obtained an alloy copper and combined in various proportions with zinc, nickel, tin, lead and other metals.
The Inventor Orichalcum Cadmus is credited to be the mythological founder of the ancient city of Thebes.
It seems that was the destination of the manufacture of various furnishings and rare jewels. Obtaining technology was expensive and the reason was very expensive. Some consider that it was even more expensive than gold. The physical properties of the material made it easy to be processed even at ambient temperature.

From the account of the Greek philosopher discover that religious institutions extravagance of those times went so far as to come to use this material for floors temples very expensive.
According to Enrico Mattievich, physics professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, who conducted a number of studies in mineralogy, paleontology and archeology, Orichalcum rooted in the Peruvian Andes. He says that the ancient Greeks discovered in America, a metal alloy like fire, similar to the description of Plato, which was found in one set of jaguars metal Chavin, which proved to be made of 9% Copper, 76 % gold and 15% silver.

Of course, there were also scholars and historians have hypothesized that this material would not have been one metal, even an alloy, but was brought to Earth by other civilizations. People were manipulated to use it in the manufacture of jewelry. These jewels were actually tools that people were actually controlled in order to be used in gold mining workforce or other metals required aliens. The high value of these jewels came in fact from the risk they assume those who were smuggling jewels recovered from the dead from exhaustion. The group advocates of this theory is relatively small, so that will not insist too much on this assumption.

The fact is that in early 2015 off the coast of Sicily was discovered a sunken ancient ship a very small ball, which was in its cargo and 39 ingots of an unknown material of modern science. 300 meters from the coast and three meters under water at the entrance to the port of Gela in southern Sicily, was discovered this ancient craft. The ship was coming most likely from Greece or Asia Minor, it sank after a powerful storm 2600 years ago. Gela city was founded in 689 BC, later reaching a major center for manufacturing handicrafts.

The ingots were analyzed by Italian Dario Panetta that using X-rays determined that the alloy ingots which were produced containing 75-80% copper and 15-20% zinc and the rest was a combination of nickel, lead and iron. The composition is quite similar to brass today. Scientists have suspected for a long time that Orichalcum was obtained by a process similar to that of obtaining bronze.
 
According to Sebastiano Tusa, an archaeologist at the Maritime Office in Sicily, finding "raises
expectations for scientific research and study of ancient metal supply routes from the ancient Mediterranean".
"I knew Orichalcum thanks ancient texts and a few decorative items," said in a statement the same researcher.

"The discovery confirms that, a century after it was founded, Gela became a city rich with artisans specializing in the production of precious artifacts," explained one researcher Italian, told Discovery News.

The tests on these remains suggest that it could be the legendary Orichalcum, in ancient texts associated with the myth of Atlantis.
 
In respect of the teacher Tusa and his colleagues plan to continue their research surrounding the wreckage, hoping to find other remains as important as ingots recently discovered.
 
 
 
photo credit: google.com
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